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S.F. No. 2744 - 2016 Education Policy Omnibus (Second Engrossment)
 
Author: Senator Charles W. Wiger
 
Prepared By: Bjorn E. Arneson, Senate Analyst (651/296-3812)
Ann Marie Lewis, Senate Counsel (651/296-5301)
 
Date: April 28, 2016



 

Article 1: General Education

Section 1. Cooperative Unit Defined. Clarifies that “cooperative unit” includes special education cooperatives organized under section 471.59 so that these cooperatives may receive direct payment of state special education aid.

Section 2. Compensatory Revenue; Intermediate District.  Clarifies the calculation of compensatory revenue for the newly formed intermediate district.

Section 3.  Voluntary Boundary Alignment; Moorhead and Dilworth-Glyndon-Felton.

Subdivision 1. Boundary alignment allowed. Provides that the two districts may voluntarily realign their district boundaries according to the provisions of this section.

Subdivision 2. Plan to establish new boundaries. Authorizes the school boards of the two districts to establish a plan to realign their shared boundaries over a period of years. Requires certain elements in the plan. Requires that the plan be approved by each board after the board has taken public testimony. Requires that the plan be filed with the county auditor and commissioner of education. Provides certain public notice requirements.

Subdivision 3. Bonded debt. Provides that, on the effective date of the exchange of any parcel, the parcel is taxable for a portion of the bonded debt of the district to which the parcel is attached.

Subdivision 4. County auditor notified. Provides certain notification and information sharing requirements between the school district and county auditor.

Subdivision 5. Report to Department of Education. Provides certain notification and information sharing requirements between the school district and department of education.

Effective date. Makes this section is effective the day after the school boards of Independent School Districts Nos. 152, Moorhead, and 2164, Dilworth-Glyndon-Felton, and their respective chief clerical officers timely comply with section 645.021, subdivisions 2 and 3.

Section 4. Repealer. Repeals the commissioner’s annual statewide average adjusted general revenue report, effective July 1, 2016.

Article 2: Education Excellence

Section 1.  Required Academic Standards.  Includes the civics test as part of the required academic standards.

Effective Date.  Makes this section effective for students enrolling in 9th grade in the 2017-2018 school year.

Section 2. Performance Measures. Eliminates the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) from the World’s Best Work Force (WBWF) performance measures used to determine progress in striving for the World’s Best Work Force. The NAEP results are only available at the state level because this assessment is only given to a sample of students in the state.

Section 3. Adopting Plans and Budgets. Requires districts to include their guidelines and procedures for assessing and identifying students for participation in gifted and talented programs; academic acceleration procedures, and procedures for gifted and talented early admission to kindergarten or first grade within their WBWF plans to increase transparency and access. In addition, the sections adds a district teacher equity gap data review to WBWF requirements to align with federal requirements. Section 1111(b)(8)(C) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) requires that each state take steps to ensure that poor and minority children are not taught at higher rates than other children by inexperienced ineffective or out-of-field teachers. 

Section 4. Site Team. Requires a school to establish a site team under the WBWF statute.  Requires the team to include an equal number of teachers and administrators and include at least one parent.

Section 5. Report. Directs districts to examine the distribution of effective, experienced and in-field teachers across the district and within school sites and include summary data as part of the WBWF annual report summary submitted to the Commissioner.

Section 6. Identification; Report.  Directs school districts to summarize their efforts to evaluate and identify students with dyslexia or convergence insufficiency disorder.

Section 7.  Intervention. Requires that a student, other than a student with an individualized learning plan, who is unable to demonstrate grade-level proficiency on the grade three MCA receive a personal learning plan in a format determined by the school or school district in consultation with classroom teachers. Requires certain elements in the personal learning plan.

Section 8. Planning for Students’ Successful Transition to Postsecondary Education and Employment; Personal Learning Plans. Requires that a student’s plan inform the student and their parent or guardian, if the student is a minor, of the student’s scores on the high school MCAs. Requires the school to inform students who do not meet standards on the high school MCAs that admission to a public school is free to any resident under 21 years of age. Provides that the student’s plan continues as long as the student is enrolled.

Section 9. Gifted and Talented Student Programs.  Incorporates WBWF plans into the Gifted and Talented Students statute.

Section 10.  Civics Knowledge and Understanding.  Defines the “civics test” as a component of questions posed to applicants for naturalization.  Allows a school district to administer the civics test as part of their social studies curriculum. 

Effective date.  Makes this section effective for students enrolling in 9th grade in the 2017-2018 school year. 

Section 11. Retaliation Prohibited. Provides the whistleblower protections of section 181.932 to employees who report assessment service disruptions and technical interruptions to the Commissioner.

Section 12. Limits on Local Testing. Directs a district or charter school to publish on its Web site a comprehensive calendar of standardized tests to be administered during the school year.

Section 13.  District Assessment Committee.  Directs a district to establish a district assessment committee to advise the school board on standardized assessments administered to students.

Section 14.  Student Participation. Directs the Commissioner to publish a form for parents to complete if they refuse for their child to participate in standardized testing.

Section 15. Access to Information. Directs a school district to provide teachers with the same information parents are provided about their student’s current and longitudinal performance and progress on the state academic standards as measured by state assessments.

Sections 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 27, 28, 30, 31, 34, 35 and 36.   Strikes and updates references to the repealed federal requirements of No Child Left Behind.

Section 20.  Policy Components.  Requires a school district’s removal from class policy to contain a provision stating that a student must be removed from class if they engage in assault or violent behavior. 

Section 22. Exemption for Technical Education Instructors. Provides clarification to local school districts as to which licenses are exempt according to section 122A.30.

Section 23. Restructured Pay System.  Strikes language that was specific to No Child Left Behind.

Sections 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28. Alternative Teacher Professional Pay System. Conforms these sections to the repeal of section 122A.413, Educational Improvement Plan, and replaces this requirement with the WBWF reporting.

Section 29. Staff Development Report. Integrates the staff development report into a district’s WBWF plans and reports.

Section 32. Lotteries. Provides that children of district staff may receive priority in the open enrollment lottery.

Effective date.  Makes this section effective immediately for open enrollment applications that have yet not been accepted or rejected by the school district.

Section 33. Application and Reporting Requirements. Integrates the school readiness biennial plan into the WBWF plan.

Effective date.  Makes this section effective July 1, 2016.

Section 37. Student Discipline Working Group. Establishes a student discipline working group to review the Pupil Fair Dismissal Act and related student discipline provisions.  The working group must submit a report to the legislature with recommendations on improving disciplinary policies, practices, and procedures. 

Effective date.  Makes this section effective immediately.

Section 38. Assessment Report.  Requires the Commissioner to report to the Legislature on the question of replacing the required high school MCA assessments with a nationally recognized college entrance exam.

Effective date.  Makes this section effective immediately.

Section 39. Repealer. (a) Repeals sections 120B.299, subdivision 5 (Adequate Yearly Progress); 120B.35, subdivision 4 (High Growth Schools Report); 122A.413, subdivision 3 (Educational Improvement Plan); 122A.43, subdivision 6 (Short-Limited Contracts Optional Report); and 123B.06 (Evaluation of Pupil Growth and Progress; Permanent Records).

(b) Repeals section 122A.413, subdivisions 1 and 2 (Educational Improvement Plan). 

Article 3: Charter Schools

Section 1. Eligible Authorizers. Removes the requirement that charitable organizations serving as a charter school authorizer must be members of the Minnesota Council of Nonprofits or the Minnesota Council on Foundations.

Section 2. Application Content. Requires a prospective charter school authorizer to include in its application certain information about the capacity of the organization to serve as an authorizer.

Effective date: makes this section effective January 1, 2017.

Section 3. Review by Commissioner. Requires the commissioner to review a charter school authorizer’s performance using criteria appropriate to the authorizer and the schools it charters and developed in consultation with charter school authorizers, operators, and other stakeholders. Directs the commissioner to minimize duplicate reporting in the review process.

Effective date: makes this section effective January 1, 2017.

Section 4. Withdrawal. Clarifies that, if the governing board of an approved authorizer votes to withdraw for a reason unrelated to any cause under section 124E.10 subd 4, the same process applies to the change of authorizer as in the case where an authorizer and the charter school board of directors mutually agree not to renew the contract

Section 5. Contents. Clarifies that the preoperational planning period may last longer than one year. Clarifies that a charter school must design its programs to meet the world’s best workforce goal.

Section 6. Mutual Nonrenewal. Makes conforming changes and clarifies that a change in authorizers is allowed when a governing board of an approved authorizer votes to withdraw as an authorizer. Clarifies that an existing authorizer must inform the proposed authorizer of any outstanding contractual obligations between the authorizer and the charter school.

Section 7. Annual Public Reports. Clarifies the content of and deadline for submission of the authorizer annual report.  

Article 4: Special Education

Section 1. Planning for Students’ Successful Transition to Postsecondary Education and Employment; Personal Learning Plans. Allows a student’s individualized education program (IEP) or standardized written plan to substitute for the personal learning plan if it is aligned with the components required in the personal learning plan.

Section 2. Qualified Interpreters. Corrects obsolete references to the Resource Center for Deaf/Hard of Hearing and Blind/Visually Impaired.

Section 3. Eligibility. Corrects obsolete references to “individual interagency intervention plan.”

Section 4. Individualized Education Programs. Makes conforming changes to clarify that, if a student’s IEP meets the plan components required for transition services, no additional plan is required.

Section 5. Facilitated Team Meeting. Corrects obsolete references to “individual interagency intervention plan.”

Section 6. Physical Holding or Seclusion. Strikes obsolete language. Requires districts to report incidents of individual seclusion quarterly. Requires the commissioner to make an annual report to the legislature regarding districts progress in reducing restrictive procedures and making recommendations to eliminate the use of seclusion.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 7. Prohibitions. Makes technical change to clarify that prone restraint is prohibited.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately.

Section 8. Advisory Committees. Provides that the advisory committees for the deaf and hard of hearing and for the blind and visually impaired review, approve, and submit biennial reports to the commissioner and other parties. 

Article 5: Facilities and Technology

Section 1. Contracts. Excludes school district contracts for information systems software from the uniform municipal contracting law and bidding process otherwise applicable to contracts exceeding $100,000.

Section 2. Definitions. Corrects obsolete references to the energy loan levy.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 3. Radon Testing. Corrects obsolete references to the health and safety program.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 4. Solar Panel Fire Safety. Clarifies that a solar photovoltaic system installed at a school must comply with the most recently-adopted version of the Minnesota electric code.

Section 5. Facilities Plans.  Clarifies that facilities plans are to be updated and submitted to the commissioner annually, as required to calculate levy limitations and state aid entitlements.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Sections 6 to 9. Long-term Facilities Maintenance. Clarifies that the long-term facilities maintenance revenue includes an equalized levy and an unequalized levy, and that the reduction to aid for districts levying less than the maximum applies only to the equalized levy.

Effective date: makes these sections effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 10. Allowed Uses for Long-term Facilities Maintenance Revenue. Provides that districts may transfer funds from the long-term facilities maintenance (LTFM) account in fund 1 to fund 7 to pay LTFM debt obligations.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 11. Restrictions on Long-term Facilities Maintenance Revenue. Corrects cross-reference.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 12. Bonds. Corrects obsolete references to the health and safety program.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 13. Review and Comment. Corrects obsolete references to the health and safety; deferred maintenance; and alternative facilities programs.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately and applies to review and comment for projects funded with revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 14. Deficits; Exception. Corrects obsolete reference.

Section 15. Account Transfer for Reorganizing Districts. Corrects obsolete references.

Section 16. Elimination of Reserve Accounts. Clarifies the process for closing out the reserved fund balances for deferred maintenance, health and safety, and alternative facilities programs.

Effective date: makes this section effective July 1, 2016, for fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 17. Student-User Privacy in Education Rights.

Subdivision 1. Definitions. Defines the following terms “online educational service,” “operator,” “protected information,” “school purposes,” “student,” “vendor,” and “targeted advertising.”

Subdivision 2. Prohibited activities; targeted advertising; creation of student profiles; sale or unauthorized disclosure of information. Prohibits an operator from engaging in the following activities:

  1. (i) targeted advertising on the operator’s online educational service; or (ii) targeted advertising on any other site, service, or application;
  2. gather, use, or share information acquired or created by the operator’s online educational service, to create a profile about a student, except in furtherance of school purposes;
  3. sell a student’s information; or
  4. disclose protected information, unless the disclosure:

i.         is made in furtherance of the educational purpose of the site, service, or application;

ii.         is legally required to comply with subdivision 3;

iii.         is made to ensure legal and regulatory compliance;

iv.         is for a school, educational, or employment purpose requested by the student; or

v.         is made pursuant to a contract between the operator and a service provider.

Subdivision 3. Security procedures and practices. Requires an operator to:

  1. implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices; and
  2. delete a student’s protected information within a reasonable period of time.

Subdivision 4. Permissible disclosures. Allows an operator to use or disclose protected student information under the following circumstances:

  1. if other provisions of federal or state law require the operator to disclose the information;
  2. for legitimate research purposes; and
  3. to a state or local educational agency for school purposes as permitted by state or federal law.

Subdivision 5. Use of information by operator. Clarifies that the section does not prohibit an operator from doing the following:

  1. using protected information within the operator’s site, service, or application;
  2. using protected information that is not associated with an identified student to demonstrate the effectiveness of the operator’s products or services;
  3. sharing aggregate information that does not directly or indirectly identify a student for the development and improvement of educational sites, services, or applications;
  4. using recommendation engines to recommend to a student either of the following:
    1. additional content; or

   ii.     additional services; or

  1. responding to a student’s request for information or for feedback.

Subdivision 6. Certain activities not effected. States that the section does not limit the authority of a law enforcement agency to obtain information from an operator.  States that the section does not limit the ability of an operator to use student information for adaptive learning or customized student learning purposes.  States that the section does not apply to general audience Web site, services, applications, or mobile applications.  States that the section does not limit the ability of Internet service providers to provide connectivity to schools, students or their families.  Allows operators to market educational products to parents as long as it is not based on the use of protected information obtained through the provision of services covered by this section.

Section 18. Energy Conservation. Strikes obsolete language.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 19. Taconite Payment and Other Reductions.  Corrects obsolete references.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 20. Required Debt Service Levy. Clarifies that required debt for long-term facilities maintenance and other facilities and equipment bonds are excluded from the definition of required debt for the purpose of calculating a capital or debt service loan payment if the required debt is less than the maximum effort debt levy.

Effective date: makes this section effective for revenue in fiscal year 2017 and later.

Section 21. Repealer. Repeals section 123B.60, subdivision 2, an obsolete reference to health and safety revenue. Repeals section 123B.79, subdivisions 2 and 6, obsolete references to transfers from the school district fund for technical colleges and the establishment of statutory operating debt accounting for school districts. 

Article 6: Self-Sufficiency and Lifelong Learning

Section 1. Program Requirements. Clarifies the eligible age of participation in adult basic education programs.

Section 2. Program Approval.  Clarifies that a consortium applying for adult basic education aid may consist of districts, nonprofit organizations or both. 

Article 7: Teachers

Section 1. School District Process for Reviewing Curriculum, Instruction, and Student Achievement; Striving for the World’s Best Workforce.

Subdivision 1. Definitions. Amends the definition of “world’s best workforce” to include striving to provide all students with equitable access to effective, more diverse, and more representative teachers.

Subdivision 1a. Performance measures. Requires school performance measures to include data on the proportional representation of teachers and the extent to which teachers are representative of the racial, ethnic, and economic diversity of students in the school.

Subdivision 2. Adopting plans and budgets. Requires school districts to include in its planning process under the world’s best workforce a system to evaluate students’ equitable access to effective, more diverse, and more representative teachers.

Subdivision 3. District advisory committee. Requires the district advisory committee to make recommendations to the school board regarding the means to improve students' equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers.

Subdivision 4. Site team. Includes the development and implementation of strategies and practices related to cultural fluency among the duties of the district site team.

Subdivision 5. Report. Requires the school board, at its annual world’s best workforce public meeting, to review and revise plans, strategies, and practices related to students' increased and equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers.

Subdivision 7. Periodic Report. (No changes.)

Subdivision 9. Annual evaluation. Requires the commissioner to assist districts in providing all enrolled students, including low-income students, American Indian students, and students of color with improved and equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 2. Report. Requires that a district include in its annual school performance report information regarding 1) the number of non-Caucasian or underrepresented teachers; 2) the number and subject areas of community experts providing instruction; 3) the school year testing schedule for the district; and 4) class sizes.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 3. State Growth Target; Other State Measures. Corrects obsolete language relating to the requirements of the recently reauthorized federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 4. Duties [of the Board of Teaching]. Makes technical and clarifying changes to standardize the statutory names of teacher licenses. Makes other grammatical corrections. Strikes duplicative language. Requires the Board of Teaching to adopt rules to require at least one hour of suicide prevention best practices for renewal of an existing license.  Allows the Board of Teaching to grant a teaching license to Montessori trained teachers.

Effective date: makes subdivision 4, paragraph (m), effective immediately and applies to teachers renewing their teaching licenses beginning August 1, 2017. Makes subdivision 10, paragraph (d), effective for the 2016-2017 through 2017-2018 school years.  Otherwise effective August 1, 2016. 

Section 5. Endorsement; Dual Enrollment Instruction. Directs the Board of Teaching to adopt standards for, and issue an endorsement for dual enrollment instruction to a high school teacher licensed in a content-specific field who successfully completes the faculty qualification requirements established by the Higher Learning Commission.

Effective date: makes this section is effective immediately and requires the Board of Teaching must start issuing endorsements by September 1, 2017.

Section 6. Board to Issue Licenses. Makes technical and clarifying changes to standardize the statutory names of teacher licenses. Makes other grammatical corrections. Strikes duplicative language.

Section 7. Teachers’ and Administrators’ Licenses; Fees. Clarifies that the license for school administrators is set by the Board of School Administrators. Makes technical and clarifying changes to standardize the statutory names of teacher licenses. Makes other grammatical corrections.

Section 8. Applicants Trained in Other States. Makes technical and clarifying changes to standardize the statutory names of teacher licenses and the process for licensure of applicants trained in other states. Makes other grammatical corrections.

Section 9.  Applicants Licensed in Other States.  Directs the Board of Teaching to issue a professional five-year teaching license to an applicant who:  (1) has successfully complete all required exams; (2) holds an out-of-state license to teach in the same content field and grade levels as a Minnesota license; and (3) has had one full school year of teaching experience. 

Section 10. Alternative Teacher Preparation Program and Preliminary Teacher License. Makes technical and clarifying changes to standardize the statutory names of teacher licenses.

Section 11. Exceptions. Provides that the license required for adult basic education teachers, early childhood and family educators, and community education teachers in a course offered for credit for graduation to persons under age 18 may be construed to bring the individual within the definition of teacher for purposes of the continuing contract law and Teacher Tenure Act.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 12. Development, Evaluation, and Peer Coaching for Continuing Contract Teachers. Clarifies that a purpose of the teacher development and evaluation process is to provide all enrolled students in a district or school, including low-income students, American Indian students, and students of color with improved and equitable access to more diverse teachers. Requires that the process include staff development activities that improve cultural fluency and competency. Clarifies that the mentoring and induction process may include underrepresented teachers and those that reflect the racial, ethnic, and economic diversity among students.  Requires the process to support cultural competency and culturally responsive practices.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2017-2018 school year and later.

Section 13. Development, Evaluation, and Peer Coaching for Continuing Contract Teachers. For districts in cities of the first class, clarifies that a purpose of the teacher development and evaluation process is to provide all enrolled students in a district or school, including low-income students, American Indian students, and students of color with improved and equitable access to more diverse teachers. Requires that the process include staff development activities that improve cultural fluency and competency. Clarifies that the mentoring and induction process may include underrepresented teachers and those that reflect the racial, ethnic, and economic diversity among students.  Requires the process to support cultural competency and culturally responsive practices.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2017-2018 school year and later.

Section 14. Staff Development Committee. Authorizes a district to use staff development revenue for activities relating to a teacher’s individual growth plan or the recommendations resulting from the peer review process. Provides that, for the purposes of a district staff development program and membership of the staff development committee, “teacher” includes any public employee other than a superintendent or assistant superintendent, principal, assistant principal, or a supervisory or confidential employee, employed by a school district: (1) in a position for which the person must be licensed by the Board of Teaching or the Commissioner of Education; or (2) in a position as a physical therapist, occupational therapist, art therapist, music therapist, or audiologist.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 15. Duties; Evaluation. Requires that a principal evaluation and professional development process be designed to support the principal in shaping the school’s cultural fluency and competency and students’ increased and equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 16. Courses According to Agreements. Clarifies that a school board and eligible postsecondary institution may develop an “introduction to teaching” concurrent enrollment course to encourage high school students to consider teaching as a profession.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately.

Section 17. Achievement and Integration for Minnesota.

Subdivision 1. Program to close the academic achievement and opportunity gap; revenue uses. Provides that district must use achievement and integration revenue to provide integrated learning environments that give students improved and equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers, culturally fluent and competent instructors, improved and equitable access to effective and diverse teachers, including those for underserved student populations, among other allowed uses.

Subdivision 2. Plan implementation; components. Provides that a district eligible to develop an achievement and integration plan may include components related to teacher and administrator effectiveness, equitable access, and diversity.  Requires the plan to contain goals for providing students with equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers.

Subdivision 3. Public engagement; progress report and budget process.  Requires the school board, at its annual achievement and integration public hearing, to review data related to students' increased and equitable access to effective and more diverse teachers.

Subdivision 4. Timeline and implementation. (No changes.)

Subdivision 5. Evaluation. Requires the commissioner to report on district outcomes related to improving students' equitable access to effective and diverse teachers, and realizing racial and economic diversity and integration.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 18. Survey of Districts. Requires the commissioner to include in the biennial teacher supply and demand report data on student access to effective and more diverse teachers and teacher hiring and retention patterns.

Effective date: makes this section effective for the 2016-2017 school year and later.

Section 19. Definitions. Amends the definition of “teacher shortage area” to include school districts where minority populations are underrepresented among licensed teachers.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately.

Section 20. Use of Report on Teacher Shortage Areas. Directs the commissioner to make a report of teacher supply and demand to the Legislature, including the school districts where minority populations are underrepresented among licensed teachers.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately.

Section 21. Career and technical Educator Licensing Advisory Task Force. Provides for the creation, membership, duties, reporting requirements, and other administrative provisions of a career and technical educator licensing advisory task force.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately.

Section 22. Legislative Task Force on Teacher Licensure. Provides for the creation, membership, purpose, reporting requirements, and other administrative provisions for a legislative task force on teacher licensure.

Effective date: makes this section effective immediately.

Section 23.   Early Childhood Family Education Teachers; Adult Basic Education Teachers.  Allows a person teaching in an early childhood education program or an adult basic education program to exercise seniority based on fields in which they are licensed, if it is agreed to by the school district and the exclusive representative of the teachers. 

Effective date.  Makes this section effective for the 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 school years only. 

Section 24. Repealer. Repeals a reference to “highly qualified teacher” in the section relating to alternative teacher preparation programs to conform with the requirements of the recently reauthorized federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

Article 8: Early Childhood

Section 1. Family Eligibility. Provides that a child age three or four who has not started kindergarten and whose family is homeless is eligible to receive an early learning scholarship.

Article 9: Charter School Recodification

The 2015 education omnibus bill authorized a renumbering of the charter school law into its own chapter, 124E. The renumbering moved related pieces of the law closer together, creating a body of law that is conceptually easier to understand.

Aided by the conceptual clarity of the new organization, when the new chapter was reviewed in editing, nonpartisan staff found many instances of ambiguity caused by passive voice and modifier placement, as well as instances of inconsistent use of terminology and grammar.

This article seeks to increase the written clarity of the existing charter law by making technical correction of various types, including changing passive voice verbs to active voice, moving modifiers within a sentence to increase clarity, removing unnecessary words, clarifying and correcting cross references, making terminology consistent, including changing “department” to “commissioner”, making structures within sentences parallel, reorganizing paragraphs and clauses, and making other technical grammar corrections.

AMB/BA/syl

 
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